EU-U.S. Convergence on China Chip Sanctions: On Brittle Ground?

The United States unveiled new wide-ranging restrictions on China’s semiconductor industry in October 2022, unprecedented in scope and intent. Abandoning the Trump years’ erratic approach to individual Chinese tech companies, the Biden administration comprehensively targeted the entire semiconductor supply chain, including allied exports. Not only did the sanctions cut off access to advanced components containing U.S. technologies, but they also sought to end China’s access to the manufacturing equipment needed to produce such components in the first place. The European Union has since sought to find a balance in the new Sino-American tech war, culminating in the EU’s Economic Security Strategy of June 2023. This issue brief examines the motivations and impacts of the U.S. chips sanctions and how they have impacted transatlantic relations and European semiconductor priorities.

Related Publications